王静静,高 庆,李承哲,娄永根,2021,植物与植食性昆虫的分子互作: 基础与应用[J].环境昆虫学报,(4):901-908
植物与植食性昆虫的分子互作: 基础与应用
Molecular interactions between plants and phytophagous insects: Fundamentals and applications
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  植物与植食性昆虫分子互作  植物防御反应  挥发物  激发子  害虫防控
英文关键词:Molecular interactions between plants and phytophagous insects  plant defense response  volatiles  elicitor  pest control
基金项目:国家自然科学基金 (31520103912) ; 现代农业产业技术体系 (CARS-01-40)
作者单位
王静静,高 庆,李承哲,娄永根 浙江大学昆虫科学研究所杭州 310058 
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中文摘要:
      植物与植食性昆虫之间存在着复杂的分子互作。首先,植食性昆虫会利用自身的嗅觉和味觉化学感觉系统,通过对植物挥发性和非挥发性信息化合物的编码与解析,结合对植物颜色、形状等物理信息的感觉与编码,定位及确定寄主植物。其次,植物可以通过位于细胞膜的受体识别植食性昆虫相关模式分子和损伤相关模式分子,启动由早期信号事件和植物激素信号途径介导的防御反应,并由此而影响植食性昆虫的种群适合度。最后,为抵御寄主植物的防御反应,植食性昆虫会通过复杂多样的反防御策略适应或抑制寄主植物的防御反应。本文对如上所述的植物与植食性昆虫分子互作研究进展及由此而开发的一些害虫防控新技术进行了综述。
英文摘要:
      Complex molecular interactions exist between plants and phytophagous insects. First, phytophagous insects locate and accept host plants by encoding and decoding volatile and non-volatile plant infochemicals using olfactory- and gustatory-based chemical sensory systems,integrating with physical information of plants,such as colour and shape,from visual and mechanical sensory channels. Second,plants can recognize herbivore-associated molecular patterns and damage-associated molecular patterns via cell membrane-localized receptors; this process initiates defense responses in plants mediated by early signaling events and phytohormones,which in turn influence the performance of the phytophagous insects. Finally,to resist the defense responses in plants,phytophagous insects have developed various anti-defense strategies. This paper summarizes the main research progresses on molecular interactions between plants and phytophagous insects and on new control measurements for insect pests developed from these knowledgements.
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