高星雨,俞凯丽,方琦,汪芳,姚洪渭,叶恭银,2023,麦蛾柔茧蜂幼虫唾液腺的显微与超微形态观察[J].环境昆虫学报,45(5):1476-1482
麦蛾柔茧蜂幼虫唾液腺的显微与超微形态观察
Microscopic anatomy and ultrastructure of larval salivary glands of Habrobracon hebetor (Say) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  麦蛾柔茧蜂  唾液腺  显微形态  超微结构  发育特性
英文关键词:Habrobracon hebetor  salivary gland  microscopic anatomy  ultrastructure  growth characteristics
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(31830074)
作者单位
高星雨,俞凯丽,方琦,汪芳,姚洪渭,叶恭银 浙江大学昆虫科学研究所水稻生物学国家重点实验室农业农村部作物病虫害分子生物学重点实验室杭州 310058 
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中文摘要:
      本文采用解剖学观察、显微摄影、透射电镜等方法对麦蛾柔茧蜂Habrobracon hebetor幼虫唾液腺的显微形态、超微结构以及发育特性进行了观察和分析。麦蛾柔茧蜂幼虫唾液腺为一对无色透明至乳白色的管状腺体,自口腔沿中肠两侧向后延伸,单侧腺体在中部先分支、后合并成一不规则环状,端部呈单盲管状。唾液腺管道长度随幼虫龄期增加而呈线性增长。对唾液腺切片进行超微结构观察,发现腺管由两类差异明显的单层细胞组成,I型细胞微绒毛层较厚,胞内除有丰富的内质网和线粒体之外,还含有大量囊泡,并观察到囊泡运输分泌颗粒的现象;II型细胞微绒毛短,胞内的内质网和线粒体数量丰富。本文研究为深入探究寄生蜂幼虫的消化生理以及寄生蜂-寄主互作机制奠定了基础。
英文摘要:
      The microscopic anatomy, ultrastructure and growth characteristics of larval salivary glands in the parasitoid wasp, Habrobracon hebetor were observed and analyzed by dissection, photomicrography and transmission electron microscope. The salivary glands of H. hebetor larvae were a pair of colorless transparent to milky white tubular glands, extending backward from the mouth along both sides of the midgut. The unilateral gland forms a large and irregular loop in the middle, and ends in the shape of a single blind tube. The length of the salivary gland duct increases linearly with the larval instar. The ultrastructural observation of salivary gland sections showed that the gland ducts were composed of two distinct types of monolayer cells. Type I cells had thicker microvilli and contained a large number of vesicles with transporting secretory granules, besides abundant endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria. Type II cells had short microvilli, abundant endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria. This study provides a basis for further exploring the digestive physiology of parasitoid larvae and the mechanism of parasitoid-host interaction.
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