兰晓娜,向姗姗,朱慧,2023,昆虫触角感器类型及其功能研究进展[J].环境昆虫学报,45(5):1197-1216
昆虫触角感器类型及其功能研究进展
Research progress of the types and functions of insect antennal sensilla
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  触角感器  昆虫  适应性行为  功能
英文关键词:Antennal sensilla  insects  adaptive behavior  function
基金项目:吉林省科技发展计划项目(20230202017NC);吉林省教育厅科学技术研究项目(JJKH20211292KJ)
作者单位
兰晓娜,向姗姗,朱慧 东北师范大学生命科学学院/植被生态科学教育部重点实验室/吉林松嫩草地生态系统国家野外科学观测研究站/吉林省动物资源利用与保护重点实验室长春 130024 
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中文摘要:
      触角感器是昆虫对环境变化产生行为响应的重要基本结构单元,作为昆虫内部神经系统与外部环境进行信息交流的关键接口,受到广泛关注。由于不同环境压力的作用,长期适应性进化使昆虫触角上着生有不同类型的感器,且执行着差异化的生物学功能。触角感器在昆虫识别寄主、寻找配偶、躲避天敌等行为变化中具有重要作用,若深入理解昆虫行为变化的内在机理,则有必要清晰认识昆虫触角感器类型与潜在功能。本文对已有研究结果进行系统性综述与总结。截止目前,共发现有61种昆虫触角感器类型,且触角感器存在种内与种间特征差异。同时针对12种常见的触角感器功能进行梳理,提出昆虫触角感器未来可深入开展的研究方向。本文全面了解各昆虫触角感器类型特征和功能,为从形态结构方面进行昆虫分类研究提供新视角,也为今后从化学生态学角度深入开展昆虫行为对环境改变的适应性等研究提供科学依据。
英文摘要:
      Antennal sensilla, as the key interface for information communication between the internal nervous system of insects and the external environment, is an important basic structural unit for deeply understanding behavioral responses of insects to environmental changes. Due to the effect of different environmental pressures, different types of sensilla are attached to the antennae of insects and perform different biological functions during long-term adaptative evolution. Antennal sensilla of insects play important role in behavioral changes of insects for selecting hosts, mating, and avoiding natural enemies, in order to deeply explore the mechanisms of changed behavior, it is necessary to clearly understand the types and potential functions of antennal sensilla. At present, these findings are systematically summarized in this study. The results showed that, up to now, there were 61 types of insect antennal sensilla, and they had intraspecific and interspecific characteristic differences. Meanwhile, the functions of 12 common antennal sensilla of insects were summaried, and the future research direction on insect antennal sensilla was supposed. A comprehensive understanding of the characteristics and functions of the antennal sensilla types of various insects provides new insights on insect classification from the perspective of morphological structure, and also provides a scientific basis for the adaptability of insect behavior to environmental changes from the perspective of chemical ecology.
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