王晓亮,陈冉冉,姜培,赵守歧,冯晓东,2022,中国红火蚁入侵扩散、防控及对策[J].环境昆虫学报,44(6):1351-1355
中国红火蚁入侵扩散、防控及对策
The invasion, management and measures of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren in China
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  红火蚁  扩散特点  检疫措施  防控对策
英文关键词:Red imported fire ants  invasive characteristics  quarantine measures  prevent and control measures
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2021YFD1000500)
作者单位
王晓亮,陈冉冉,姜培,赵守歧,冯晓东 1. 全国农业技术推广服务中心北京 1001252. 中国农业大学植物保护学院北京 100193 
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中文摘要:
      红火蚁Solenopsis invicta Buren是全球百种最具危险性的外来入侵物种之一,被列为我国农业、林业和进境植物检疫性有害生物。红火蚁入侵我国初期,发生区域数量少、面积小,制定了相应的应急防控和根除策略。随着该蚁在我国呈现扩散加快、多区域多生境发生、多途径扩散等新态势新特点,其防控策略转向“老疫区常态治理、新疫区力争根除”。为了更好地防控红火蚁,未来工作应从部门协作、队伍建设、综合治理、检疫监管和宣传培训等多个方面加强。
英文摘要:
      Red imported fire ant Solenopsis invicta Buren is one of the world's most dangerous invasive species. It is listed as China's agriculture, forestry and imported plant quarantine pest. In the early stage of S. invicta invasion, the regions and area infected were small, and the corresponding emergency prevention, control and eradication strategies were presented. With the spread accelerating, the fire ant diffused through multi-pathways and infected many habitats in lots of regions. Therefore, the prevention and control strategy of the fire ant shifted to the “normal treatment at the old infested area and strive to eradicate at the new invasive locations”. In order to control the fire ant better, departmental collaboration, technical team building, comprehensive governance, quarantine supervision, and publicity and training need to be strengthened in the future.
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