方青,陆永跃,2022,近130年来我国茶树有害生物研究书籍出版的历史沿革和特征[J].环境昆虫学报,(5):1124-1142
近130年来我国茶树有害生物研究书籍出版的历史沿革和特征
Historical evolution and characteristics of the books pubished on tea pests in China in recent 130 years
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  茶树有害生物  书籍  历史
英文关键词:Tea pests  works  history
基金项目:广东省农业产业技术体系创新团队项目(2022KJ134);华南农业大学教改项目(JG21097)
作者单位
方青,陆永跃 1. 华南农业大学基础实验与实践训练中心广州 5106422. 华南农业大学植物保护学院广州 510642 
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中文摘要:
      我国茶树有害生物发生种类多、分布区域广、危害较为严重,严重影响着茶叶产量和品质。厘清我国近现代茶树有害生物研究相关科技书籍出版时期、类型及数量,分析明确其学术特征,对掌握该领域历史文献脉络和了解其发展趋势等具有参考意义。本研究采用专业数据库文献检索和平面媒体信息查询、购买等方法,阅读、分析、获取茶树有害生物研究内容及书籍出版信息;将书籍分为著作、译著、教材、其他科技书籍4类,检索时间范围为1890-2021年。累计记录到茶树有害生物相关书籍280部,其中著作75部、译作4部、教材68部、其他科技书籍133部;结果显示,我国近现代茶树有害生物相关书籍出版肇始于1915年;总体特征为兼论性质书籍数量比例较大,实用性较强,具有较强系统性或者创新性的比例不高;出版数量时间特征及阶段明显,可分为发端期、起步期、发展期、提升期、繁荣期,总体上呈现显著上升趋势,当前及今后一定时期处于旺盛期;优势作者及作者来源机构、地区均比较集中。我国近现代茶树有害生物研究相关书籍出版肇始于1915年,历经5个阶段,出版规律及学术特征明显,现进入旺盛期。
英文摘要:
      The tea pests in China are great in species, widely distributed and seriously harmful, which affecting the yields and quality of the tea. To clarify the publishing period, type and quantity of tea pest science and technology works in China, and analyze the academic characteristics of those works are benifical for mastering the context of the historical documents and understanding the development trend in this field. By use of the methods of database retrieval and the print media purchase and so on, the contents of tea pests and publishing information in the works are obtained and analyzed. Works are divided into four categories: works, txextbooks, translation works and other books, with a time range of 1890-2021. The results revealed that the publication of modern and contemporary tea pest works began in 1915,a total of 280 books related to tea pests have been recorded, including 75 works, 4 translation works, 68 textbooks and 133 other books. The overall feature of the works was that the proportion of the non-special books was high, the practicability was strong, and the proportion of the books with systematicness or innovation was not high. The time characteristics and stages of the publications were obvious, which can be divided into five stages including initial stage, starting stage, developing stage, promoting stage and booming stage. On the whole, it showed a significant upward trend from 1890 to 2021, and was in a vigorous period at present and in the future. The major authors and regions where their institution was located were relatively concentrated.
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