黄志嘉,苑鹏宇,谢伟龙,马涛,温秀军,2022,黄野螟群体大小对幼虫个体生存和发育的影响[J].环境昆虫学报,(4):1037-1042
黄野螟群体大小对幼虫个体生存和发育的影响
Effect of group size on the survival and growth of Heortia vitessoides Moore (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  黄野螟  幼虫聚集  群体数量  存活率  幼虫生长
英文关键词:Heortia vitessoides  larval aggregation  group size  survival rate  caterpillar growth
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(31270692)
作者单位
黄志嘉,苑鹏宇,谢伟龙,马涛,温秀军 1. 华南农业大学林学与风景园林学院广州 5106422. 河源市林业局广东河源 517000 
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中文摘要:
      幼虫聚集取食是一些鳞翅目昆虫提高幼虫生长和存活的手段。通过对聚集取食的黄野螟Heortia vitessoides Moore幼虫在室内条件下进行饲养,探究黄野螟幼虫的群体数量大小(分别为30、60、90头幼虫)对幼虫体长、发育速度、达末龄(5龄)时的存活率的影响。分析发现在排除天敌捕食和食物缺乏的前提下,从3龄开始,大群体(90头)的体长显著大于小群体(30头),大群体的幼虫发育速度显著快于小群体,大群体对幼虫前4个龄期时的成活率没有显著提高,尽管大群体的存活率在均值上高于小群体,但是幼虫总体存活率在不同群体中差异不显著。黄野螟幼虫的聚集取食对幼虫的生长的促进作用明显,显著促进了幼虫的生长,加快了幼虫的发育。
英文摘要:
      Larval aggregation is a strategy employed by some lepidopteran insect to enhance the growth and survival of caterpillars. The study focused on effect of group size on the body length, developing speed and survival of Heortia vitessoides Moore. Caterpillars were reared under laboratory condition divided into 30, 60 and 90. The body length, developing speed and survival rate of caterpillars were measured. The body length of H. vitessoides larvae were significantly larger in larger group since 3rd instar. The developing speed was also significantly faster in larger groups. However, the survival rate was not significantly higher in larger group under laboratory conditions. The growth and developing speed were enhanced by caterpillar aggregation.
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