张国庆,2022,信息素在文物害虫防治中的应用与展望[J].环境昆虫学报,(4):869-879
信息素在文物害虫防治中的应用与展望
Application and prospect of pheromones in pest control of cultural relics
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  文物  昆虫信息素  预防性保护  诱捕  监测
英文关键词:Cultural relics  insect pheromones  preventive conservation  trap  monitor
基金项目:故宫博物院养心殿研究性保护项目科研课题(KTYXD 2016-14)
作者单位
张国庆 故宫博物院北京 100009 
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中文摘要:
      文物害虫会对文物古建筑造成不可逆的破坏,因此害虫防治是文物保护的重要工作。随着博物馆引入有害生物综合防治(Integrated Pest Management,IPM)策略,博物馆的害虫防治也开始遵循“预防为主,防治结合”理念。昆虫体外信息素是IPM中重要的技术手段。该技术可对害虫进行监测与诱杀,有利于对害虫发生规律的研究与数量控制。且信息素具有用量少,不接触文物等优点。本文概述信息素的发展、种类与功能,整理了文物害虫信息素及其应用中的遇到的问题,并展望信息素的应用前景。
英文摘要:
      Pest control of cultural relics has always been an essential work for cultural relics protection, which can cause irreversible damage to ancient buildings. With the introduction of Integrated Pest Management(IPM ) in the museum, the concept of “prevention first, prevention combined with control”has gained more attention. The discovery of pheromones provided a new method for pest control. Pheromones could monitor and trap pests, master the occurrence regularity of pests and control the number of pests, and had the advantages of less consumption, no contact with cultural relics. This paper summarized the development, types and functions of pheromones, summarized the problems and solutions in the application of pheromones, and looked forward to the future application.
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