朱安迪,王映山,方晨,胡恒笑,王嘉阳,苏杰,李海强,张建萍,2022,不同温度下双尾新小绥螨对西花蓟马的捕食功能反应[J].环境昆虫学报,(2):430-439
不同温度下双尾新小绥螨对西花蓟马的捕食功能反应
Functional response of predatory mite Neoseiulus bicaudus on western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis at different temperatures
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  双尾新小绥螨  西花蓟马  捕食评价  生物防治
英文关键词:Neoseiulus bicaudus  Frankliniella occidentalis  predation evaluation  biological control
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(32060635);兵团区域创新引导计划项目(2018BB043);石河子大学高层次人才科研启动项目(RCZK201947);农业部西北荒漠绿洲作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室开放基金(KFJJ202004)
作者单位
朱安迪,王映山,方晨,胡恒笑,王嘉阳,苏杰,李海强,张建萍 1.石河子大学农学院/新疆绿洲生态病虫害防治与植保资源利用重点实验室新疆石河子 8320032.第二师农业技术推广站新疆铁门关市 8415053.新疆农业科学院植物保护研究所/农业部西北荒漠绿洲作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室乌鲁木齐 830091 
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中文摘要:
      为明确双尾新小绥螨Neoseiulus bicaudus各螨态对西花蓟马Frankliniella occidentalis不同龄期若虫的捕食量及不同温度对其捕食量的影响。本研究通过测定不同温度下24 h内双尾新小绥螨各螨态对不同密度西花蓟马若虫的捕食情况(西花蓟马猎物密度分别为5、10、15、20和25头/室,温度分别设置为23、26、29、32和35℃)。研究结果表明,双尾新小绥螨各螨态对猎物的捕食量随猎物密度的升高而增加。当温度为29℃,雌成螨对西花蓟马1龄若虫捕食量最高,在猎物数为25头/室时,可达4.4头/日。23~32℃内,双尾新小绥螨的雌成螨的捕食量随温度的上升而增加,到达35℃时开始降低。29~32℃双尾新小绥螨的雌成螨对西花蓟马1龄若虫的捕食量最高,可达6.7头/日,最适于其捕食。结果表明双尾新小绥螨对西花蓟马若虫的捕食功能反应类型符合Holling II模型,其对西花蓟马有较好的捕食能力,可利用于西花蓟马的生物防治。
英文摘要:
      In order to understand the predation condition of the predatory mite Neoseiulus bicaudus on different instars of western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis, and the effect of predation by predatory mites under different temperatures. The number of preys consumed in different treatments (the thrips densities were 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 individuals / chamber, and the temperature were 23, 26, 29, 32 and 35℃ respectively) were recorded after 24 h in this study. The results showed that, the predation amount of different instar of N. bicaudus increased with the densities of prey. During 29℃, the consumed of 1st instar of F. occidentalis by adult female N. bicaudus were the highest, up to 4.4 individuals / day. During 23~32℃, the predation of adult female N. bicaudus increased with the temperature rose, and started to decreased when the temperature at 35℃. During temperature range of 29~32℃, the adult female N. bicaudus had the highest predation on the 1st nymphs of western flower thrips, up to 6.7 individuals / day, it was the most suitable for the predation. The results showed that the functional response of N. bicaudus on nymphs of F. occidentalis fitting with Holling II equation. N. bicaudus had good predation ability on western flower thrips, and could be used in its biological control.
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