崔志浩,陈立,王文凯,2022,金龟甲性信息素的化学成分及其应用[J].环境昆虫学报,(2):316-326
金龟甲性信息素的化学成分及其应用
Sex pheromones of scarab beetles and their application
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  金龟科  丽金龟亚科  鳃金龟亚科  生殖隔离  手性  诱集
英文关键词:Scarabaeoidae  Rutelinae  Melolonthinae  reproductive isolation  chirality  trap
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(31171847);中国科学院重点部署项目(KSZD-EW-Z-021-3-4)
作者单位
崔志浩,陈立,王文凯 1.长江大学农学院湖北荆州 4340252.河北大学生命科学学院生命科学与绿色发展研究院河北保定 071002 
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中文摘要:
      金龟甲Scarabaeoidae性信息素研究主要集中在丽金龟亚科Rutelinae和鳃金龟亚科Melolonthinae。丽金龟亚科金龟甲的性腺由臀板和腹片顶端的上皮细胞组成,其性信息素成分主要是脂肪酸衍生物;而鳃金龟亚科金龟甲的性腺可以从腹部外翻,性信息素成分主要是氨基酸衍生物和萜烯类化合物。一些存在地理或季节隔离的物种具有结构相同的性信息素成分,但手性不同。在某些种类中,性信息素成分的手性对映体可能具有行为拮抗作用。本文综述了金龟甲性信息素的化学结构与应用的新进展。
英文摘要:
      The research on sex pheromone of beetle is mainly concentrated in the subfamilies Rutelinae and Melolonthinae. Sex pheromone gland of Rutelinae consists of epithelial cells that line the inner surfaces of the pygidium and two apical sternites. Their sex pheromone constituents are mainly fatty-acid derivatives. In marked contrast to Rutelinae, sex pheromone gland of Melolonthinae can evert from the abdominal tip, and their components are mainly amino acid derivatives and terpenoid compounds. Some scarab species that are geographically and/or seasonally isolated utilize the same sex pheromone components, but with different chirality. The chirality often plays an important role in the isolation of the communication channels of two species, where one enantiomer is utilized as sex pheromone by one species and the other is a behavioral antagonist against the other species. This paper summarized advances in chemical structure of sex pheromone and its application in management of scarab beetles.
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