张昌容,班菲雪,尚小丽,刘少兰,卯婷婷,章行远,刘 梅,郭 军,孙月华,2021,五种植物作为南方小花蝽储蓄植物的适合性评价[J].环境昆虫学报,(4):1010-1015
五种植物作为南方小花蝽储蓄植物的适合性评价
Evaluation of five plant species for their suitability as banker plant for Orius similis ( Zheng)
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  南方小花蝽  储蓄植物  气味选择性  繁殖系数
英文关键词:Orius similis  banker plant  odor preference  propagation coefficient
基金项目:国家自然科学基金 (31660542) ; 贵州省自然科学基金 (黔科合基础[2020]1Z024) ; 贵州省科研服务企业行动计划项目,黔科合服企[2018]004470; 黔农科院院专项[2016]027; 贵州省普通高等学校科技拔尖人才支持计划 (黔教合KY字[2016]096 号) ; 安市科平[2020]2 号
作者单位
张昌容,班菲雪,尚小丽,刘少兰,卯婷婷,章行远,刘 梅,郭 军,孙月华 1. 贵州省农业科学院植物保护研究所贵阳 550006
2. 贵州医科大学生物与工程学院生物与医学工程重点实验室贵阳 550025
3. 贵州省毕节市植保植检站贵州毕节 551700
4. 安顺学院农学院贵州安顺 561000 
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中文摘要:
      储蓄植物系统作为一种开放式的天敌饲养系统,越来越多地应用到温室及田间的害虫防治。南方小花蝽 Orius similis Zheng 可捕食蓟马、蚜虫等多种害虫,是农业上一类极具应用价值的捕食性天敌。为提高南方小花蝽的控害效果,建立南方小花蝽储蓄植物系统是一种极为有效的方法。为了筛选适用于南方小花蝽保育和增殖的储 蓄植物,进而构建南方小花蝽储蓄植物系统,本研究选择了月季 Rosa chinensis、长寿花 Narcissus jonquilla、辣椒 Capsicum annuum、黄瓜 Cucumis sativus 和蚕豆 Vicia faba 作为候选的储蓄植物,通过六臂嗅觉仪分析了南方小花蝽对 5 种植物花朵的气味选择性,同时分析了南方小花蝽在 5 种植物上的繁殖系数、发育历期、存活率等生物学参 数。结果表明 43.33% 的南方小花蝽雌虫偏好辣椒花朵气味,其次为蚕豆 ( 26.67% ) ; 南方小花蝽卵的孵化率在辣椒上最高达到 95.59%,其次为蚕豆为 80.74% ; 同时,南方小花蝽卵在蚕豆上的发育历期显著低于另外 4 种植物,仅有 4.92 d。综上所述,本研究初步认为辣椒和蚕豆比较适合用来构建南方小花蝽储蓄植物系统。
英文摘要:
      As a natural enemy open-rearing system,banker plant system is increasingly applied to pest control in greenhouses and fields. Southern flower bug ( Orius similis Zheng) can prey on pests such as thrips and aphids etc.,is a predatory natural enemy with great application value in agriculture. Establish a southern flower bug banker plant system is an effective method to improve the control efficacy of the predator. In order to screen the suitable banker plant for the conservation and propagation of the southern flower bug,and construct a southern flower bug banker plant system. We choose Rosa chinensis,Narcissus jonquilla,Capsicum annuum,Cucumis sativus and Vicia faba as candidate banker plants,then analyzed odor preference of the southern flower bug by six-arm olfactometer. Besides,we also analyzed the biological parameters such as propagation coefficient,developmental duration and survival rate. The results showed that 43. 33% of the southern flower bug females preferred the odor of C. annuum flowers,followed by that of V. faba ( 26.67% ) . The eggs of southern flower bug had the highest hatching rate of 95. 59% on C. annuum,followed by 80.74% on V. faba. Meanwhile,the egg development duration of southern flower bug on V. faba was only 4. 92 days,which was significantly lower than that of the rest candidate banker plants. In total,we preliminarily considered that C. annuum and V. faba are more suitable for the establishment of southern flower bug banker plant system.
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