李银煳,张峰,杨凡萱,肖春,张晓明,陈国华,2021,日本细毛环腹瘿蜂生物学特性研究[J].环境昆虫学报,(1):191-198
日本细毛环腹瘿蜂生物学特性研究
Study on biological characteristics of Leptopilina japonica
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  日本细毛环腹瘿蜂  斑翅果蝇  生物学特性  生物防治
英文关键词:Leptopilina japonica  Drosophila suzukii  Biological characteristics  biological control
基金项目:云南省高层次人才培养支持计划“青年拔尖人才”专项(云人社通[2020]150-09号);昆明市中青年学术和技术后备人选(昆政发[2019]43号);欧洲果树主要病虫害的高效实用创新型综合治理技术和策略项目(Dropsa,613678)
作者单位
李银煳,张峰,杨凡萱,肖春,张晓明,陈国华 1. 云南农业大学植物保护学院/云南生物资源保护与利用国家重点实验室昆明6502012. 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所农业农村部-CABI 生物安全联合实验室植物病虫害生物学国家重点实验室北京100193 
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中文摘要:
      日本细毛环腹瘿蜂为斑翅果蝇幼虫优势寄生性天敌之一,对斑翅果蝇具有较大的控制潜能。本研究以斑翅果蝇为寄主,在实验室条件下,通过饲养与观察,研究了日本细毛环腹瘿蜂的寿命、行为节律、寄主选择、生长发育及繁殖。结果显示:不同营养条件下,寄生蜂寿命长短依次为20%蜂蜜水>10%蜂蜜水>清水>对照。寄生蜂羽化期为8 d,第4天为羽化高峰期,羽化期每日10:00-12:00为羽化高峰期,16:00-18:00为产卵活动高峰期。寄生不同龄期的斑翅果蝇幼虫对寄生蜂幼虫存活率没有影响,对蛹存活率、后代性比、总发育历期有显著影响,寄生2龄幼虫对寄生蜂有更好的适合度,也对寄主2龄幼虫有选择偏好。日本细毛环腹瘿蜂在3日龄达到产卵高峰为13.38头,平均每雌产卵147.50个。日本细毛环腹瘿蜂卵、幼虫、雄蜂蛹、雌蜂蛹历期分别为1.30 d、8.67 d、8.86 d、10.27 d,雄蜂的羽化时间比雌蜂平均提前1.41 d。综上结果,日本细毛环腹瘿蜂可作为斑翅果蝇生物防治的重要材料加以应用。
英文摘要:
      Leptopilina japonica is one of the dominant parasitic natural enemies of Drosophila suzukii larvae, and has great potential for controlling D. suzukii. In this study, D. suzukii was used as the host. Through breeding and observation, the longevity, behavior rhythm, host selection, growth and development, and reproduction of L. japonica were studied under laboratory conditions. The results showed that, the life span of parasitoid varied under different nutritional conditions: 20% honey water> 10% honey water> clear water> control. L. japonica emergence period is 8 days and on the 4th and the daily from 10:00-12:00 is peak of emergence; the peak of oviposition activity occurred at 16:00-18:00. Parasitic D. suzukii larvae at different developmental stage have no effect on the survival rate of parasitoid larvae, but significantly influence the survival rate of pupae, the progeny sex ratio, and the total developmental duration. Parasitizing 2nd instar larvae has better fitness and also prefer to 2nd instar larvae of D. suzukii. At the age of 3 days, the peak oviposition of L. japonica was reached to 13.38 individual, with an average of 147.50 eggs per female. The egg, larval, male pupal and female pupal duration of L. japonica was 1.30 d, 8.67 d, 8.86 d and 10.27 d, respectively. The emergence time of the male was 1.41 d earlier than that of female. The results suggest that the L. japonica can be used as a potential and effective biological control material in D. suzukii control.
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