陈健鑫,魏金龙,钱昱含,马焕成,伍建榕,2021,云南香格里拉叉襀科昆虫病原菌的鉴定[J].环境昆虫学报,(1):122-129
云南香格里拉叉襀科昆虫病原菌的鉴定
Identification of Nemouroidea (Plecoptera) pathogen in Shangri-La, Yunnan
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  香格里拉  叉襀科昆虫  病原菌鉴定  细囊霉菌  冻土毛霉
英文关键词:Shangri-La  Nemouroidea  pathogen identification  Leptolegnia sp.  Mucor hiemalis
基金项目:国家基金(31460575,31860208,31560207);云南省高校干热河谷植被恢复创新团队(218033);西南林业大学木棉纤维人工林产业化培育省级创新团队项目(2018HC014)
作者单位
陈健鑫,魏金龙,钱昱含,马焕成,伍建榕 1. 云南省高校森林灾害预警控制重点实验室西南林业大学生物多样性保护学院昆明 6502242. 西南地区生物多样性保育国家林业局重点实验室西南林业大学林学院昆明 650224 
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中文摘要:
      叉襀科Nemouroidea是襀翅目中数量最多的一个科,叉襀科昆虫也是水生生态系统环境监测的重要指示生物。为明确云南香格里拉叉襀科稚虫自然病死虫体上的病原菌并研究该病原菌对叉襀科稚虫的致病性。利用常规组织分离法分离云南香格里拉叉襀科稚虫病原菌,结合形态学与分子生物学方法对两株病原菌进行鉴定,利用柯赫法则及二项式回归模型分析病原菌致病性。结果表明,菌株PN1为细囊霉菌Leptolegnia sp.,菌株PN2为冻土毛霉Mucor hiemalis;PN1及PN2处理组对叉襀科稚虫的致病性稍弱,其中PN1处理组的致病性低于PN2处理组,PN2处理组的致病性与对照组无明显差异。综上所述,本研究首次在襀翅目昆虫中报道了细囊霉菌L. sp.和冻土毛霉M. hiemalis,两株病原真菌均属于水生弱寄生菌,在稚虫处于亚健康状态及抵抗力降低时易感,病原菌加速寄生过程使稚虫死亡。
英文摘要:
      Nemouroidea is the largest family in the order Plecoptera, and insects of Nemouroidea can be useful for aquatic ecosystem environmental monitoring as indicators. In order to identify the pathogenic in the natural dead insects of larvae of Nemouroidea from Shangri-la in Yunnan Province, and to study the pathogenicity of the pathogen to larvae of Nemouroidea. The pathogenic of larvae were separated by conventional tissue separation, and identified by morphological and molecular biology methods. And the pathogenicity of pathogenic was analyzed by Koch's law and regression model. The results showed that PN1 was Leptolegnia sp. and PN2 was Mucor hiemalis. The pathogenicity of PN1 and PN2 treated groups to larvae was slightly weaker. The pathogenicity of PN1 treated group was lower than that of PN2 treated group. The pathogenicity of PN2 treated group was not significantly different from that of control group. In conclusion, the L. sp. and M. hiemalis reported in Plecoptera for the first time, both pathogenic fungi are aquatic weak parasites, which are susceptible when the larvae are in a sub-health state and their resistance is reduced, accelerating the parasitic process of the pathogen and causing the larvae to die.
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