闫家河,夏明辉,刘焕秀,王晓燕,杨启萌,柏鲁林,武海卫,2021,白蜡外齿茎蜂幼虫龄数和龄期测定[J].环境昆虫学报,(1):31-39
白蜡外齿茎蜂幼虫龄数和龄期测定
Measurement of larval instars and stadia of Stenocephus fraxini larva
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  白蜡外齿茎蜂  幼虫  龄数  龄期  头宽  尾铗基径
英文关键词:Stenocephus fraxini  larva  age class  duration  head width  forceps basal width
基金项目:山东省重点研发计划项目(2017GNC11102);山东省农业科技资金(林业科技创新)项目(2019LY003)
作者单位
闫家河,夏明辉,刘焕秀,王晓燕,杨启萌,柏鲁林,武海卫 1. 商河县森林保护站山东商河 2516002. 济南市森林保护站济南 2500993. 山东省林业科学研究院济南 2500144. 济南市园林花卉苗木培育中心济南 2500995. 商河县林业站山东商河 251600 
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中文摘要:
      为掌握白蜡外齿茎蜂Stenocephus fraxini幼虫的龄数和发育历期,本文测量了幼虫体长、头宽、体宽(胸部第3节)、尾铗长和尾铗基径宽等5项指标。经频次分布和回归分析,结果表明:白蜡外齿茎蜂幼虫可分5龄。头宽和尾铗基径宽均可作为分龄指标。各龄头宽值分别为:0.414 ± 0.002、0.526 ± 0.002、0.713 ± 0.005、1.003 ± 0.006、1.398 ± 0.010 mm;尾铗基径宽值分别为:0.060 ± 0.001、0.095 ± 0.001、0.150 ± 0.002、0.231 ± 0.002、0.344 ± 0.005 mm。1 ~ 5龄幼虫平均龄期分别为2.5、3.5、5、8、40 d,整个幼虫历期约50 ~ 70 d,平均60 d左右。
英文摘要:
      In order to determine the number of larval instars and stadia of Stenocephus fraxini, the body length, head width, body width (3rd segment of thorax), forceps length and forceps basal width of the larva of S. fraxini were measured. According to the frequency distribution and regression analysis, the results showed that the larvae of S. fraxini had 5 instars. The head width and forceps basal width can be variable for the distinguishment of larval instars. The head width of each instars larvae were 0.414 ± 0.002, 0.526 ± 0.002, 0.713 ± 0.005, 1.003 ± 0.006 and 1.398 ± 0.010, respectively, and their forceps basal width were 0.060 ± 0.001, 0.095 ± 0.001, 0.150 ± 0.002, 0.231 ± 0.002 and 0.344 ± 0.005, respectively. The average stadia of 1-5 instar were 2.5, 3.5, 5, 8 and 40 d, respectively. The development duration of the larva of S. fraxini was about 50-70 d, with an average of 60 d.
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