李家豪,冯启理,韩日畴,2020,蜜蜂肠道微生物研究进展[J].环境昆虫学报,(6):1369-1382
蜜蜂肠道微生物研究进展
Gut microbiota of honey bees
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  蜜蜂  肠道微生物  健康  研究方法
英文关键词:honey bee  gut microbiota  health  research method
基金项目:GDAS Project of Science and Technology Development (2019GDASYL-0103061);广东省科学院科技发展专项(2018GDASCX-0107)
作者单位
李家豪,冯启理,韩日畴 1. 华南师范大学生命科学学院广州 5106312. 广东省生物资源应用研究所广东省动物保护与资源利用重点实验室广东省野生动物保护与利用公共实验室广州 510260 
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中文摘要:
      蜜蜂是全球范围内重要的授粉昆虫,具有很高的经济、生态效益。但是蜜蜂一生中可能会遇到许多挑战。肠道微生物与蜜蜂的健康息息相关,不仅在营养物质的消化吸收方面有重要作用,而且还能抵抗某些病原菌的侵袭以及增强机体免疫力。近年出现的蜜蜂大量死亡现象可能与肠道微生物失调有关。生物以及非生物的因素都可能密切影响着蜜蜂肠道微生物的存活,导致宿主生理功能紊乱甚至死亡。本文综述了蜜蜂的肠道核心微生物组成、分布、变化、影响因素以及主要作用和研究方法,为肠道微生物的研究和利用提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Honeybee is an important pollinator in the world with great economic and ecological benefits. However, honeybees may encounter many challenges in their life. The gut microorganisms of honeybees not only play an important role in the digestion and absorption of nutrients, but also resist the invasion of some pathogens and enhance the immunity of the bees. The recent mass death of honeybees may be associated with gut microbial disorders. Biological and non-biological factors may closely affect the survival of gut microorganisms of honeybee, leading to the physiological function disorder or even death of the host. This paper reviews the composition, distribution, change, influencing factors, main functions and research methods of the gut core microorganisms of honeybee, providing a reference for the research and utilization of the gut microorganisms.
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