吴嫦娟,熊腾飞,尹艳琼,钟国华,冯 夏,2020,玉米种子丸粒化包衣处理对草地贪夜蛾的防治效果[J].环境昆虫学报,(6):1314-1321
玉米种子丸粒化包衣处理对草地贪夜蛾的防治效果
The effect of prevention and control against Spodoptera frugiperda by corn seeds pelleting
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  种子丸粒化包衣  乙基多杀菌素  氯虫苯甲酰胺  草地贪夜蛾
英文关键词:Seed-pelleting  spinetoram  chlorantraniliprole  Spodoptera frugiperda
基金项目:广东省重点领域研发计划(2019B020218009);广东省农业科学院创新研究团队项目;广东省农业科学院学科领域拓展研究(农机农艺结合方向)项目(202036);国家自然科学基金(31701819);云南省重点研发计划(2019IB007)
作者单位
吴嫦娟,熊腾飞,尹艳琼,钟国华,冯 夏 1. 广东省农业科学院植物保护研究所广东省植物保护新技术重点实验室广州 5106402. 农业农村部华南作物有害生物综合治理重点实验室华南农业大学广州 5106423. 云南省农业科学院农业环境资源研究所昆明 650205 
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中文摘要:
      本研究明确了乙基多杀菌素和氯虫苯甲酰胺丸粒化包衣后对玉米种子的安全性和玉米幼苗对草地贪夜蛾的防治效果,为玉米苗期草地贪夜蛾防治提供新技术。首先在室内验证了乙基多杀菌素和氯虫苯甲酰胺拌土后对草地贪夜蛾的防治效果,又进行了种子丸粒化包衣处理,测定了丸粒化包衣方式下药剂对种子萌发的影响和对草地贪夜蛾的防治效果。结果表明,250 mg/kg的乙基多杀菌素和氯虫苯甲酰胺拌土处理后,草地贪夜蛾对14天的玉米苗的取食率分别为1.67%、5.01%,与对照组取食率27.02%差异显著。药种比为1:100和1:200的乙基多杀菌素和氯虫苯甲酰胺丸粒化包衣处理组与对照组的发芽率之间无显著差异。乙基多杀菌素和氯虫苯甲酰胺丸粒化包衣处理组在播种后第7天对草地贪夜蛾广州种群防治效果显著,其中药种比为1:100的乙基多杀菌素丸粒化包衣处理组致死率最高为89%;两药剂丸粒化包衣处理组在播种后第21天对草地贪夜蛾云南种群仍有较好防治效果,两个浓度的乙基多杀菌素丸粒化包衣处理对草地贪夜蛾的致死率均达100%。本研究表明玉米种子丸粒化包衣技术可有效防控玉米苗期草地贪夜蛾的危害。
英文摘要:
      Our study clarified the safty of corn seeds and the prevention and control effect of Spodoptera frugiperda after corn seeds were pelletized with spinetoram and chlorantraniliprole, provide a new technology for the prevention and control of S. frugiperda during corn seedling. First, we verified the effects of spinetoram and chlorantraniliprole on the control of S. frugiperda after mixing soil, and then the effective pesticides were pelletized with corn, to determine the prevention and control effect of S. frugiperda by the new method seed-pelleting. The results showed that after 250 mg/kg of spinetoram and chlorantraniliprole mixing with soil, the feeding rates of S. frugiperda on 14-day corn seedlings were 1.67% and 5.01%, respectively, compared with those of the control group 27.02% difference is significant. There was no significant difference in the germination rate between the spinetoram and chlorantraniliprole pelletization treatment group and the control group with the drug-to-seeds ratios of 1:100 and 1:200. The spinetoram and chlorantraniliprole pelletization treatment group has a significant control effect on the Guangzhou population of S. frugiperda on the 7th day after sowing, and the highest lethality rate was 89% from the spinetoram pelletization with a drug-to-seeds ratio of 1:100; the two pesticides pelletization treatment group still had a good control effect on the Yunnan population of S. frugiperda on the 21th day after sowing. The lethality rate of S. frugiperda reached 100% by the two concentrations spinetoram pelletization treatment. This study shows that the corn seed pelletization technology can effectively prevent and control the damage of S. frugiperda in the corn seedling stage.
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