周仙红,张利焕,曹雪,于毅,张思聪.,2019,韭菜迟眼蕈蚊对几种植物的产卵和取食选择性研究[J].环境昆虫学报,(3):465-470
韭菜迟眼蕈蚊对几种植物的产卵和取食选择性研究
Oviposition and feeding preference of Bradysia odoriphaganto different plants
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  韭菜迟眼蕈蚊  成虫  幼虫  产卵选择性  取食选择性
英文关键词:Bradysia odoriphaga  adult  larval  oviposition preference  feeding preference
基金项目:山东省自然科学基金(ZR2014CQ049);国家重点研发计划(2018YFD0201207);山东省农业科学院农业科技创新工程(CXGC20168E04)
作者单位
周仙红,张利焕,曹雪,于毅,张思聪. 1.山东省农业科学院植物保护研究所.山东省植物病毒学重点实验室济南 2501002.寿光市化龙镇农业综合服务站山东寿光 262700 
摘要点击次数: 281
全文下载次数: 0
中文摘要:
      为了探究韭菜迟眼蕈蚊对不同植物的选择性,本文通过室内控制实验和Y型嗅觉仪实验研究了韭菜迟眼蕈蚊成虫和3龄幼虫对7种植物的产卵和取食选择性行为。结果发现,韭菜迟眼蕈蚊对韭菜的产卵和取食选择性最高,成虫落卵数量221.67粒/盒,雌雄虫的选择系数分别为0.30和0.20,幼虫取食选择率为33.50%;对茴香和朝天椒的选择性最低,成虫落卵数量分别为81.00和23.00粒/盒,雌雄虫的选择系数分别为-0.27、-0.48和-0.27、-0.39,幼虫取食选择率分别为5%和0%。田间推荐韭菜与茴香或朝天椒间作。
英文摘要:
      The oviposition and feeding preference of Bradysia odoriphaga on Allium tuberosum,A.fistulosum,Brassica oleracea,Lactuca sativa, Foeniculum vulgare, Ricinus communis and Capsicum annuumwere studied by using indoor control experiment and Y.tube experiment.The results showed that the spawning and feeding preference were highest to A.tuberosum that the average oviposition amount was 221.67 per box, and the choice rate of female and male were 0.30 and 0.20, and the choice rate of larva was 33.50%B.odoriphaga had negative preference to F.vulgare and C.annuum, and the average oviposition amount were 81.00 per box and 23.00 per box.The choice rate of female and male to F.vulgare were -0.27 and -0.48, and the choice rate of female and male to C.annuum were-0.27 and -0.39. The choice rate of larva to F.vulgare and C.annuum were 5.00% and 0%. We recommend plantingF.vulgare or C.annuum in the fieldfor reduce the harm of B.odoriphaga.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭