陈又清,2017,蚂蚁群落与栖境关系研究进展及新趋势[J].环境昆虫学报,(4):735-740
蚂蚁群落与栖境关系研究进展及新趋势
The progress of study on the relationship between ant community and habitat and a new trend
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  栖境  蚂蚁群落  物种多样性  功能群  功能特征
英文关键词:Habitat  ant community  species diversity  functional group  functional traits
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31470493,31270561)
作者单位
陈又清 中国林业科学研究院资源昆虫研究所昆明650224 
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中文摘要:
      生物群落与栖境的关系是生态学研究的核心之一,蚂蚁群落由于在陆地生态系统中的生物量、分布以及具备的生态功能的重要性,是研究这种关系的理想对象。在查阅大量文献的基础上,简述了蚂蚁物种多样性与栖境关系研究现状。介绍了蚂蚁功能群划分以及在不同尺度上与栖境关系的应用研究,评述了功能群应用的限制。阐明了功能特征的定义以及基于形态特征和营养级方面的蚂蚁群落功能特征与栖境的研究,并对功能特征的研究趋势进行了展望。
英文摘要:
      The relationship between the biocenosis and habitat is one of the foci of ecological research. Ant community is the ideal object for this study because of its importance in the terrestrial ecosystem in terms of biomass, distribution and ecological functioning. In this article, based on the review of the great deal of scientific literatures, the research progress of relationship between ant community species diversity and habitat was elaborated. The classification of ant functional group scheme and the applications for relationship between ant community and habitat on different spatial scale were introduced. But this scheme had some limit in practice in some area. The definition of functional traits was introduced and some studies on the relationship between ant community and habitat were elaborated based on morphological traits and trophic position trait. And the research trend of functional traits was discussed.
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